The following information came from the records of the
Evangelical Lutheran Church, Lauenau Parish, Germany; St.
Paul’s Evangelical Lutheran Church, in Artesian, Bremer County, Iowa; a
cousin Cathy Riechmann; a cousin Brenda Richmann; another cousin and Meier descendant William T.
Sell; Kai Witthinrich, a researcher in Bad Münder, Germany; and other family members.
Most of the church records were extremely difficult to read, however, and I likely missed many pertinent ones. The Riechmann name may be found spelled in various ways, e.g. Richmann and Richman. Some of these may be inadvertant misspellings by census takers, but in some cases the family changed the spelling of their name after coming to America.
(My direct ancestors are shown in bold type. Colors indicate
Heinrich (a.k.a. Henry)
Christoph Riechmann 1823 - 1902 and Eleonore
(a.k.a. Leonora) Kölling, 1826 - 1874
I only found one record in the Lauenau Parish, Germany; that
of the marriage of Heinrich Christoph Riechmann and Eleonore Kölling.
Although Heinrich Riechmann's obituary states that he was born in
Pohle, Germany, his marriage record states that he was from Antendorf
which is only a five miles from Pohle and about 15 miles SW of Hanover. At that time the area was known as Kurfurstentun Kurhesse and is now the
state of Hanover. Eleonore is
from Pohle, 5 miles NE of Antendorf.Henry and Eleonore were married in
1849. They had at
least three documented children:
A fourth child appears in the 1860 census, Sophia Dorothea Eleonore Riechmann age 14 (1845 - ), but she did not appear in the arrival passenger list of 1857. There is, however a Dorothea Kölling listed in the passenger list, the daughter of Jacob and Anna Kölling, who would be the same age so perhaps this is the same person. Perhaps her parents may have died and the Riechmanns adopted her.
Henry took his wife and son to America, departing from Bremen onboard the bark Adonis, a three-masted sailing ship. According to the arrival passenger list, Henry and Eleonore were 31 years old, Fred was 8.. Accompanying them were Jacob Kölling (73) and his wife Anna (64) (Eleonore’s parents?), and their daughters Sophia (21) and Dorothea (11). They arrived in the port of New York on May 22, 1857.
Henry and Leonora first settled in Palataine, Cook County, Illinois where Sophia was born in 1858 and Henry was born in 1864. The 1860 US Census lists Henry as a farmer with a real estate value of $1200 and personal property of $500.
On reaching Bremer County, Henry purchased land in Warren Township. The 1870 US Census lists the family as follows: Henry (age 44), Eleonore (44), Frederick (20), Sophia (11) and Henry (6). He is listed as a farmer with a real estate value of $8000 and a personal property value of $1330 which, in today’s dollars, would approach $175,000. Obviously life was good for the Riechmanns. The family became members of St. Paul’s Evangelical Lutheran Church, Artesian.
Henry's son Henry C. farmed in Frederika, Bremer County and a 1900 US Census entry lists Henry Richman (sic), age 26 and his wife Ida (33) and children Nora (11), Charly (10), Martin (7), and Bessy (3/12), and Henry's father Henry (76). The 1894 plat map of Frederika shows their property on the north edge of town. .
Henry is buried in St. John's Cemetery, Frederika. His wife Eleonore died in 1874 and is buried in the St. Paul’s Lutheran Church cemetery, Artesian. Henry was a naturalized citizen.
Fred Kölling, a possible relation?
Fred Kölling (age 47)
The ages would be right for Fred to be Jacob’s second child and it states that they are from Kur Hesse which is where Jacob and Anna were from. Although I am not sure of their exact relationship, I am assuming they are related. In addition, several Köllings own land in Maxfield Township in 1917. I have no further information on these families.
Johann Heinrich Friedrich Riechmann (a.k.a. Fred), 1849 - 1932 and Wilhelmine (a.k.a Mena) Meier, 1847 - 1936 the author’s great-grandparents, were married in Denver, Iowa in 1873. Mena was from Apelern, Kurfürstentun Hessen, Germany in 1873. Apelern is only a few miles from Pohle. They had nine children:
Wilhelmina Riechmann (1873
- ) married Henry Bade
Friedrich Riechmann (1910
Alfred Riechmann (1924
- ) never married
Ervin Riechmann (1927 - 2001) married Valentina Sommerfelt
Larry Riechmann (1953 - ) married Sarah King
Michael Rachelle Riechmann married ??? Frost
Gary Riechmann (1955 - 1968)
Cathy Riechmann (1957) married (1) ??? Magee and (2) ? Barkow
Jason Neil Magee (1975)
Jordan Robert Barkow (1984)
Jacob William Barkow (1990)
In the 1880 Census, we find Fred (age 30), Wilhelmina (33), Wilhelmina (6), Sophia (5), Louisa (3), Fred (1) and Fred's brother Henry (16).
Fred was a very successful farmer and they farmed 200 acres in Warren Township. They belonged to St. Paul’s Evangelical Lutheran Church, in Artesian. Fred was naturalized in 1872 and his wife was also naturalized. He died in 1932 and Mena died in 1936 and both are buried in the St. Paul’s Lutheran Church cemetery, Waverly.
Fred and Mena may have known each other in the old country
Apelern and Pohle are only a couple of miles apart. They
likely belonged to the same church parish. I do not know whether they
immigrated at the same time or not.